Endocrine Neoplasia and Cancer


When the body’s cells divide at a rapid pace they can create abnormal cell growth. These extra cells can form a mass on the tissues in our body. This mass or tumor is identified as benign (“non-cancerous”) or malignant (“cancerous”). The glands in the endocrine system produces and secrete various hormones.The glands in the endocrine system produces and secrete hormones. These hormones act as the body’s chemical messengers regulating some of your body’s most important functions. Hormonal imbalances caused by abnormal cell growth or toxins can lead to serious health problems and sometimes even cancer. 

Most cancer is discovered through:

  • evidence of a lump or mass by the patient or examiner
  • changes in bowel or bladder habits
  • unusual bleeding from the genitourinary system
  • blood tests and other exams such as radiography (x-ray, MRI)
  • difficulty with food digestion or swallowing
  • sores that do not heal

Common risk factors:

  • aging
  • tobacco use
  • sun exposure
  • radiation exposure
  • poor diet and physical activity
  • environment and chemicals/EDC’s
  • family history
  • certain genes (BRCA1 or BRCA2)
  • viruses
  • hormonal imbalances
  • chronic inflammation

Types of Endocrine Cancer:

Hormonal balance is important to decrease the risk of cancer. If you have concerns about any of your hormones or predisposition to an endocrine cancer, talk to an endocrinologist. To find an endocrinologist in your area, search our online directory today.

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About this Content

The Hormone Health Network is the public education affiliate of the Endocrine Society dedicated to helping both patients and doctors find information on the prevention, treatment and cure of hormone-related conditions.

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